Digital Library NAES of Ukraine

Educational difficulties in primary class students with alaliya

- Трофименко, Людмила Іванівна ( (2022) Educational difficulties in primary class students with alaliya Особлива дитина: навчання і виховання, 4 (108). pp. 58-68. ISSN 2312-2781

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The article presents extensive data on the difficulties that children with alalia have during education. The author emphasizes the existing basic speech disorder, which brings specificity to the process of receiving and reproducing educational information. In accordance with the changes that are taking place in the education system in Ukraine according to the best world standards, one of the directions of ensuring full access to quality education is the inclusion of persons with special educational needs in the process of acquiring knowledge on a level with all participants. The new legal documents and methodological manuals describe the peculiarities of speech functioning in children with various manifestations of speech disorders, which create educational difficulties of various degrees of manifestation. It is known that primary speech disorders include persistent disorders of speech development in children with preserved intelligence, normal hearing and prerequisites for sensorimotor development. More often, a primary speech disorder is interpreted as alalia - a systemic underdevelopment of speech, in which all its components are disturbed: phonetic-phonemic, lexical-grammatical. Characteristic signs of alalia are difficulties in forming the constituent structure of words, interdependence of phonemic and lexical disorders, difficulties in the development of phrasal speech. Insufficient assimilation of language knowledge (especially semantic units at different levels of language organization) and language skills (especially grammar) limits the possibilities of spontaneous development of the speech system, in particular, independent learning of the meanings of new words that the child encounters in educational literature on all school subjects. This leads to insufficient understanding of oral and especially written speech, which ultimately complicates the process of mastering school knowledge. The author substantiates the manifestations of difficulties in the phonetic-phonemic, lexical-grammatical connections of speech activity on the basis of certain features of the functioning of speech of various degrees of manifestation, taking into account the unfavorable factors of the formation of speech disorders that affect the underdevelopment of the corresponding speech systems. Fundamental approaches to the study of educational difficulties (both speech and intellectual) are defined, which are based on theoretical statements about speech activity, neurolinguistic analysis and psycholinguistic structure of speech activity, analysis of pedagogical practice with the aim of identifying educational barriers and conditions for overcoming them.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Еducational difficulties; severe speech impairment; alalia; primary school students.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of speech therapy
Depositing User: к.пед.н. Людмила Іванівна Трофименко
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2023 11:19
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2023 11:19


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