The psychological features of narrative construction made by divorced women basing on their personal experience

- Колобова, Ірина Борисівна ( (2023) The psychological features of narrative construction made by divorced women basing on their personal experience Masters thesis, Інститут психології ім. Г.С.Костюка.

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Kolobova I.B. The psychological features of narrative construction made by divorced women basing on their personal experience – Qualification research work in the form of manuscript. Dissertation for the PhD degree, specialty 053 – «Psychology» (05 - Social and Behavioral Sciences). – H.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 2023. The dissertational work reveals the issue of narratives composed on personal experience within the framework of the psychological-hermeneutic approach, in particular, an event of divorce is examined. To solve this issue, the author determined the integral components of composed narratives about experience, created a procedure identifying narrative strategies, substantiated and approved the program of narrative construction to provide psychological assistance to divorced women. The main research goal was to find psychological determinants, mechanisms and strategies for narrative construction made by divorced women basing on their personal experience. To implement effectively this goal the author outlined and solved several tasks in order to analyse the existing state of theoretical and methodological development of personal experience construction in psychology; to define the structural-processual and informative components of composed narratives about personal experience; to develop a set of methods identifying the main components of personal experience construction; to determine empirically the psychological features of narratives composed by divorced women basing on their personal experience; to develop and test the procedure of narrative construction as a means of psychological assistance for divorced women. The scientific novelty of the obtained results includes the following: for the first time, a set of methods was developed to identify narrative strategies used for personal experience constructing, in particular, the experience on divorce; psychological features of auto-narratives and interpretive processes presented by divorced women were experimentally investigated; the determinants of developmental narrative strategies were determined and the procedure of narrative construction by divorced women basing on their experience was developed and tested; the author deepened and expanded the theoretical provisions for composed narratives based on personal experience within the psychological-hermeneutic approach and ideas about the psychological features of experience construction by divorced women; the terminological apparatus of psychological hermeneutics was further developed (the concepts “discursive construction of personal experience” and “narrative construction of personal experience” was differentiated), as well as a set of methods for psychological and hermeneutic analysis of auto-narratives, applications of narrative practices for psychological assistance for divorced women were developed. The research results obtained the theoretical significance because a theoretical model of narrative construction basing om personal experience was developed and a scientific set of methods to examine and identify narrative strategies used by divorced women was proposed. The first chapter, “The theoretical and methodological principles of studying narratives about personal experience composed by divorced women”, presents a theoretical review of approaches to personal experience construction in the context of social constructivism, determines the psychological and hermeneutic principles of studying the discursive construction of personal experience, explains the concept of narrative construction, its structural-procedural and informational components, its determinants for development and characterizes the psychological features of experience constructed by divorced women. Personal experience within the applied psychological-hermeneutic approach is regarded as bringing the information received from the outside into a coherent narrative structure for its further use. Narrative construction as the main type of discursive construction for experience means a narrative way of life objectifying within a personal semantic space. Narrative construction for personal experience includes thematic organization, spatial-temporal and cause-and-effect structuring, value-semantic integration of life events combined in a multi-level psychological form – an autobiographical narrative. In view of this, the research focus was shifted to autobiographical texts, which were characterized by life-affirming or life-denying potential. The leading mechanism for narrative construction is interpretation as a process bringing personal meanings into an occurred event. An individual’s (a woman’s) psychological parameters determine the level of her interpretative processes that, according to the proposed criteria, can be pre-semantic, semantic and meta-semantic. Life-affirming or life-denying auto-narratives together with the level of interpretive processes determines the main configurations of narrative strategies for constructing the divorce experience. The author determined that a narrative strategy chosen by a divorced woman was determined by such psychological parameters as reflexivity, metacognitive monitoring and de-centring, which development created prerequisites for productive narrative strategies. The second chapter, “Empirical study of the psychological features of narratives composed by divorced women basing on their personal experience” highlights the organizational and methodological principles for an empirical study of informative (auto-narratives) and procedural (interpretation processes) components of narratives about personal experience constructed by divorced women, presents testing results for the set of methods used to determine narrative strategies, and examines experimentally the effect of metacognition on the narrative construction based on experience. The empirical study was carried out within the non-classical psychological concept, namely, within the generalizing integrative examining paradigm where a personality considers not as a set of parameters and qualities, but as a multi-level meaningful organization of being that is constantly moving towards full personal realization. Non-classical examination was done via the interpretive analysis of auto-narratives by combined psycholinguistic and psycho-hermeneutic approach to text examination. Basing on the proposed theoretical model, the author developed a procedure identifying the narrative strategies that included the determination of auto-narrative types and levels of interpretive processes; as a results, 4 configurations of narrative strategies for experience construction were obtained. The procedure included the following stages: formulation of provocative questions to obtain texts, selection of criteria for a life-affirming semantic disposition and levels of interpretive processes, development of an algorithm to identify narrative strategies, confirmation of its validity by correlative analyses with expert evaluation. The author characterized each of divorced women’s narrative strategies used for experience construction: the 1st configuration (meta-semantic/semantic + life-affirming narratives) was a developmental narrative strategy defined as a norm for narrative construction and characterized by cause-and-effect structuring of events, semantic regulation and obviously constructive value-semantic orientation; the 2nd one (pre- semantic + life-affirming narratives) was a stagnant narrative strategy, the most destructive strategy of experience constructing because women using this strategy did not understand the situation, relied exclusively on the internal context and had a stable negative image of a man; the 3rd configuration (pre- semantic + live-denying narratives) was a pseudo-positive narrative strategy, covering extreme cases when women did not show mature reflection and their meaning-generating function was blocked, so that their texts contained positive tendencies in experience interpretation but only as declarations; the 4the one (metasemantic/semantic + life-affirming narratives) was an antinomic (contradictory) narrative strategy, based on the phenomenon of generation of meaningful destructive ideas and attitudes together with highly formed interpretive processes and analytical abilities. In addition to the main examining tool, the author paid special attention to the methods studying metacognition. It was determined that metacognitive monitoring, in particular planning and control of one’s own cognitive processes, was a key determinant for developmental narrative strategies; but the lack of de-centration and predominant “stupid” reflections (“introspection” and “quasi-reflection”) preceded unproductive narrative strategies. Statistically significant differences between most metacognitions were determined for all configurations of narrative strategies. The third chapter “Psychological assistance for divorced women with the help of narrative practices” justifies using of narrative practices during psychological assistance for divorced women, highlights methodical and organizational principles of narrative construction for personal experience, presents constructed and tested narrative techniques for metacognition development, describes individual advisory work carried out to increase the life-affirming potential of auto-narratives, as well as features and effectiveness of the narrative approach used at work with divorced women. A set of narrative techniques was composed for metacognition development: the task to compose a provocative narrative was proposed to reflect on women’s’ life experience; reflective survey was used for metacognitive monitoring; provocations based on another women’s text was applies for de-centration. Individual work was carried out using the “transformative dialogues” technique. The effectiveness of the proposed narrative experience construction by means of narrative practices was proven for such unproductive strategies as stagnant and pseudo-positive. Women using antinomic strategy did not show significant changes under the proposed psychological influence. Practical significance of the research results. The revealed informative, procedural features and determinants of narrative construction for personal experience, as well as the proposed set of methods examining narrative strategies for experience construction, can create a basis for further scientific and methodological developments to provide psychological assistance for productive interpretation of personal and social experience in various fields of social practice: education, psychological counselling, social work, especially for psychological rehabilitation of military personnel. Some provisions of the dissertational work can be used in training courses in narrative psychology, personality psychology, gender psychology, crisis counselling to increase professional competence and strengthen the position in the applied use of narrative tools. The training program developing metacognition and proposed by the author can be used in psychological counselling of divorced women; it will contribute to a constructive rethinking of traumatic events.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Keywords: psychological features, narrative, construction, personality, women, marriage, partners, spouse, projecting, value-oriented unity, psychological well-being, personal potential, individuality, subjectivity, meaning
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 305 Gender studies
Divisions: Institute of Psychology after N.Kostiuk > Department of cognitive psychology
Depositing User: Iryna I.B. Kolobova
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2023 17:47
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2023 17:47


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