Unification of Construction of Catalogs of Electronic Resources of Library on the Basis of the Ontological Approach

- Гуралюк, А.Г. (orcid.org/0000-0002-7497-5746) (2020) Unification of Construction of Catalogs of Electronic Resources of Library on the Basis of the Ontological Approach Науково-педагогічні студії (4). pp. 102-109. ISSN 2663-5739

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Abstract

The proposed research is devoted to the introduction of a modern ontological approach in the activities of library organizations. It has been revealed that an electronic catalogue in the modern sense is not a simple list of publications available in the book depository located on a digital medium. Actually, while saying “electronic catalogue”, we understand a rather complex information system of knowledge management which is serviced by appropriate software, has certain protocols for interacting with users and maintenance personnel, uses a specific access interface, information retrieval system, technology for delivering results of data requests to a user, etc. The material presented in the research suggests that the ontological approach can be used to unify the construction of electronic catalogues. Such unification is ensured by a combination of existing databases with arrays of unstructured and poorly structured information, through semantic annotation (the creation of metadata). The use of ontologies allows to overcome the problem of semantic heterogeneity and can ensure the supply of cataloging objects so that they become suitable for machine processing. Besides, it reveals the main problems of introducing an ontological approach for working with electronic catalogues, the solution of which requires further research. They are: the problem of automatically creating an ontology from existing data arrays; the choice of a domain modeling technique to ensure consistency in the development of new and created ontologies; the problem of generalization of ontology, the construction of metaontologies, combining various data and knowledge; the problem of combining presentation and information search; connection of users' requests and data binding to a certain position in the directory. The final goal is to identify the information need during the processing of the request for information search. Thus, it has been indicated that the ontological approach is one of the most promising for meeting the needs of users but it requires additional research.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: library activity; electronic catalogue; information and communication technologies; ontological approach; information activity.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 00 Prolegomena. Fundamentals of knowledge and culture. Propaedeutics > 001 Science and knowledge in general. Organization of intellectual work > 001.8 Methodology > 001.89 Organization of science and scientific work
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 00 Prolegomena. Fundamentals of knowledge and culture. Propaedeutics > 004 Computer science and technology. Computing. Data processing > 004.9 ІКТ ( Application-oriented computer-based techniques )
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 02 Бібліотечна справа
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 374 Education and training out of school. Further education
Divisions: V. Sukhomlynskyi State Scientific and Pedagogical Library of Ukraine
Depositing User: н.с. Х.В. Середа
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2021 07:50
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2021 07:50
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/723371

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