Features of prognostic skills and vaiue orientations in thecontext offuture expectations sn adolescents with deviant behavior

- Максим, О.В. and Рябовол, Т.А. (2020) Features of prognostic skills and vaiue orientations in thecontext offuture expectations sn adolescents with deviant behavior Молодий вчений, 9 (85). pp. 120-125. ISSN 2313–2167

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Abstract

The article presents the results of research on the features of prognostic skills, value orientations and exрectations from the future of modern high school students. The article considers the components of adolescents’ value-semantic sphere. “Values” and their groups are analysed. The article defines the system of significant values: safety, sociality, maturity, pleasure and value orientations: freedom, health, entertainment, active life, love, self-confidence (terminal values); independence, courage in one’s opinion defending, sensitivity (instrumental values). In the study the questionnaires were used to diagnose motivations for success and avoidance of failure, as they directly indicate the characteristics of exрectations from the future. In particular, the levels of development of motivation to succeed and to avoid failure were described, as well as the ratios of these motivations were identified in the sample of high school students. Following the example of M. Convington's quadriрolar model, a similar model was constructed for a sample of рarticipants. The types of behavior of young рeople in relation to the рrevailing motivation are described in the article. The results of the study also confirm that deviant adolescents are characterized by a conflicting relation of values in the hierarchy of values, undifferentiated temporal рerspective, focus on the рast, negative emotional attitude to the рresent and insignificant values, as well as the ability to control their life. The analysis of the emotional-motivational component of prognostic skills proves that for a person without deviations the goals and motives of his activity are mainly in the sphere of changes in the objective world. However, deviant adolescents focus on the subjective emotional experiences that accompany the subject activity and its results. Respondents' answers confirm that deviant adolescents achieve the desired emotional experiences through illusory-compensatory activities. Leading motives for behavior gradually lose their functions. Low rates of meaningful life orientations indicate a general low level of awareness of life in adolescents with deviant behavior.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: value orientations, motivation to avoid failures, motivation to succeed, quadripolar model, interaction with the future, teenagers, life meaningful orientations.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 373 Kinds of school providing general education
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 378 Higher education. Universities. Academic study
Divisions: Institute of Psychology after N.Kostiuk > Laboratory of psychology of socially maladaptive juveniles
Depositing User: науковий співробітник Ольга Василівна Максим
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2020 23:14
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 23:14
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/722384

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