System of special education for children with sensory impairments in Ukraine and Poland (XIX - early XXI century)

- Шевченко, В.М. (orcid.org/0000- 0003- 0119- 3206) (2018) System of special education for children with sensory impairments in Ukraine and Poland (XIX - early XXI century) Scientific records of the humanities secondary school. Pedagogy. Special room. The role of pedagogy in solving the problems of a modern person (18). pp. 167-175. ISSN 1896-4591

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Abstract

In the article the author analyzes the formation and development of the education system for children with sensory impairments. The author gives a concise comparative description of the development of the education system for children with hearing impairment and vision in Ukraine and Poland. In the article, the author draws attention to the fact that surdo pedagogy in two countries originated at the beginning of the nineteenth century, and typhlopedagogy in the second half of the nineteenth century. Both systems have gone a long way in their development: from the care of such children to an understanding of their training and education, from differentiation to integration and inclusion in the general environment, that is, inclusiveness. The author notes that in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, special educational institutions for hearing impaired and sighted children were not included in the state education system. Only in the beginning of the 20th century the situation began to change gradually. Until the Second World War, the number of special educational institutions for hearing impaired and sighted children was insignificant. They could not cover all school-age children. In the second half of the twentieth century, the rapid development of special education began. She covered the training of all children with hearing and vision impairment. At the end of the twentieth -early XXI century, significant modernization of the education system for children with special needs began in Ukraine and Poland. It aims to democratize and improve its quality. This causes the need for innovative development of all its parts. At the present stage, the process of integration / inclusion of people with hearing impairments and eyesight into the educational space takes place in order to ensure their maximum development and socialization.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: children with sensory impairments, children with hearing impairments, children with visual impairments, deaf-and-dumb pedagogy, typhoid pedagogy, reforming the educational system.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of education of children with hearing disabilities
Depositing User: Лабораторія сурдопедагогіки
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2019 09:10
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 16:08
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/715155

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