Existential needs and development of a gifted person

- Музика, О. Л. (2015) Existential needs and development of a gifted person Актуальні проблеми психології: Збірник наукових праць Інституту психології імені Г.С. Костюка НАПН України. Т.VI. Психологія обдарованості. – Випуск 10. pp. 63-77. ISSN 2072 4772

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Abstract

The article analyses the existential needs of a gifted person: need for subjectness, for self-identity, for reason to live. Implementation of subjectness need presupposes the following: 1) distancing from own personal features, allowing their regulation (subject to K. Obukhovskyi); 2) the ethical attitude to the world, which allows a person to implement their own needs, correlating them with the needs of other people (subject to S. L. Rubinshtein); the desire for self-actualization as a focus on self-development (subject to A. Maslou). A gifted personality rather paradoxically satisfies the need for identity. Value-conscious attitude to their own abilities, including creative, is the ground for the self-identity. The need for reason to live develops beginning with the gifted person’s growing awareness concerning their own difference from the contact environment. The next step is their personal choice, related to 1) confirmation of the direction for their own development and 2) the focus on universal human values. The existential needs are the result of reflection, awareness by a gifted person of the dynamics of their own needs and personal values. The moral (ethical) and activity (abilities) values in interactions and relations is a resource for personal development. Personal values occur in the process of need satisfaction, and eventually they profoundly change the alter personality’s consumer field, means of life design and self-fulfillment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: a gifted person, existential needs, need for subjectness, need for self-identity, need for reason to live, personal values, development
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.01 Fundamentals of education. Theory. Policy etc.
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.04 Education in relation to the educand, pupil. Guidance
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.5 Виховання та освіта обдарованих дітей, вундеркіндів.
Divisions: Institute of Psychology after N.Kostiuk > Department of psychology of giftedness
Depositing User: професор, О. Л. Музика
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 09:58
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2015 09:58
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/8750

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