The use of computer ontologies system as a means to form future engineering teachers’ design competences

- Козіброда, С.В. (2018) The use of computer ontologies system as a means to form future engineering teachers’ design competences Dissertation candidate thesis, Тернопільський національний педагогічний університет імені Володимира Гнатюка.

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Abstract

Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Pedagogical Sciences (Doctor of Philosophy) in Specialty 13.00.10 – Information and Communication Technologies in Education. – Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Institute of Information Technologies and Learning Tools of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ternopil, Kyiv, 2018. The thesis is devoted to the problem of using the computer ontologies system as a means to form design competences of future engineering teachers. The thesis provides theoretical analysis of the problem and suggests a new solution to the scientific problem, which consists in the development and theoretical substantiation of the methodology of using the computer ontologies system as a means to form the design competences of future engineering teachers in the field of computer technologies. The concept of ontologies in the context of computer sciences has been investigated. Thus by computer ontologies we mean a formalized representation of knowledge about a particular subject field (environment, world) suitable for machine processing. In the activity of an engineering teacher ontological methods are most often used to construct process models. Based on the contents of the design competences of an engineering teacher such directions of using ontologies in their professional activities are identified: interface; natural language processing; question and answer systems; classification of goods and services; semantic layout of a text; modeling of the organizational structure of enterprises; systems of regulatory and reference information and the suggested in the research design of didactic materials. We have distinguished the criteria to select the computer ontologies system: 1) software architecture and tools development; 2) functional compatibility; 3) convenience and simplicity. The content and structure of the design competences of engineering teachers while using computer ontologies systems are considered and four interrelated components of their formation are distinguished: 1) motivational and goal-oriented; 2) cognitive-intellectual; 3) professional activity; 4) effective-reflexive. The criteria (value, knowledge, operational, evaluative and analytical) of designing competencies formation and their indices are determined, and four levels of the formation of these competences are determined by means of computer ontologies systems: high (creative), necessary (sufficient), critical (insufficient), low (inadmissible). We have established integrated ontological models of the academic course object field, university resources and a student’s profile. We have suggested a computer ontologies systems usage model based on three levels: 1) the interface; 2) logical; 3) data to automatically design electronic didactic materials on the basis of the algorithm method and the developed ontological models. In accordance with the model and the structure of design competences we have developed the computer ontologies systems usage model as a means to form the design competences of future engineering teachers. The elaborated model is a set of the goal-oriented, content, technological and analytical and effective components. To implement the model of computer ontologies system usage as a means to form future engineering teachers’ design competences the pedagogical conditions of their use has been proved: 1) to provide motivation and stimulation of educational and cognitive activity to use the computer ontologies system and model their application in the context of different spheres of professional activity of future engineering teachers in the field of computer technologies; 2) to use in the process of training future engineering teachers active forms, methods and innovative teaching tools, which provide an opportunity to design teaching materials using computer ontologies systems, whose functional capabilities are the basis for their design competences formation; 3) to elaborate teaching materials for didactic design on the basis of ontologies by means of computer ontologies systems to form engineering teacher’s design competences. We have developed the methodology for using computer ontologies as a means to form design competencies based on competency, system-activity, resource, practice-oriented approaches to the choice of forms and methods of training. The effectiveness of the distinguished pedagogical conditions and the developed methodology for using the computer ontologies system as a means to form future engineering teachers’ design competences is represented by the findings obtained as a result of the data analysis on the formation of these competences by means of computer ontologies systems. We can state that by every measure future engineering teachers in the field of computer technology of experimental groups show positive results of their design competences components formation. The scientific novelty and theoretical significance of the research is that: for the first time: the model and methods of using the computer ontologies system (COS) as a means to form future engineering teachers’ design competences were developed and theoretically grounded; the components of future engineering teachers’ design competences formation by means of COS (motivational and goal-oriented, cognitive-intellectual, professional-activity, effective-reflexive) have been theoretically substantiated and determined; the model of future engineering teachers’ use of COS to design electronic learning materials has been suggested; pedagogical conditions for the use of COS as a means to form future engineering teachers’ design competences have been grounded; criteria for the selection of COS to train future engineering teachers in the field of CT have been defined; the following integrated ontological models have been designed: the subject field of the course of study, university training resources, the student’s profile; the concept of "computer ontologies system" has been introduced into the scientific circulation. we have specified: the meaning of the concept “design competences of a future engineering teacher in the field of CT” within the context of COS use; directions of the use of ontologies to traing future engineering teachers in the field of CT; the methodology and stages for computer ontologies design in a given subject field; the organization of interaction between the participants of the educational process in the higher educational institution during the ontology design; the scientific and pedagogical substantiation of computer-aided, simulating, semantic networks and knowledge bases, their design and implementation into the educational process, in particular theoretical and methodological principles of the use of intellectual information technologies and elements of knowledge engineering by future engineering teachers in the field of CT have acquired further development. The practical value of the obtained results is that: 1) we have selected COS to train future engineering teachers in the field of CT; 2) we have built the following ontological knowledge bases: the subject field of the course of study, university training resources, the student’s profile; 3) w have developed components of methodology of the use of COS as a means to form design competences of future engineering teachers in the field of CT; 4) we have specified the methodological content of the academic course “Methodology of professional training: didactic design” and developed the “Ontological Engineering” laboratory operations manual in “Didactic Design on the Basis of Computer Ontologies” for students in the 015 Professional Education (Computer Technologies) field of training.

Item Type: Thesis (Dissertation candidate)
Keywords: engineering teacher, professional activity, design, design competences, computer ontologies, computer ontologies systems, ontology engineering, knowledge base, ICT
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 00 Prolegomena. Fundamentals of knowledge and culture. Propaedeutics > 004 Computer science and technology. Computing. Data processing > 004.9 ІКТ ( Application-oriented computer-based techniques )
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.01 Fundamentals of education. Theory. Policy etc.
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 378 Higher education. Universities. Academic study
Divisions: Information Technologies and Learning Tools > Generic resouse
Depositing User: к.пед.н., с.н.с. А.В. Яцишин
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 12:03
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 02:08
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/711987

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