Features of formation of oral speech expression in children with different forms of dyslalia

- Грибань, Галина Віталіївна (orcid.org/0000-0001-8488-7179) (2021) Features of formation of oral speech expression in children with different forms of dyslalia Освіта осіб з особливими потребами: шляхи розбудови (19). pp. 22-35. ISSN 2313-4011

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the state of formation of the speech system in children and the peculiarities of the formation of oral speech. The urgency is due to the increase in the number of children with speech disorders, in particular with the immaturity of the sound side of speech and underdevelopment of phonemic hearing. The gradual formation of speech utterance, its psychological structure is revealed. Groups of mechanisms that ensure the formation and functioning of speech activity are highlighted. The internal scheme of speech expression is realized in the motor program of external design under the control of the central speech systems. The sequence of stages of realization of speech action is presented. The problem of violation of the formation of speech on the example of children with dyslalia is also considered. During the formation of speech expression in children, different mechanisms of disorders are observed, depending on the form of dyslalia. The mechanism of impaired pronunciation of sounds depending on the location of the violation and the causes of speech defect. At the same time the broken sound speech can be caused by the expressed disturbances in a structure of the articulatory device or the speech device can have no pathological changes. Clear classification and definition of the leading mechanism of violation is important to achieve the goal during the corrective action. Three main forms of dyslalia are analyzed: acoustic-phonemic, articulatory-phonemic and articulatory-phonetic. The individual assessment profile of the state of speech and non-speech processes in older preschoolers indicated in the article shows the heterogeneity of the levels of formed speech skills and operations. In the structure of phonetic-phonemic disorders the difference between the formed phonetic-phonemic, lexical and grammatical components is traced, which must be taken into account when constructing the directions of correctional and developmental work. The establishment of the leading factor in the structure of the violation is necessary for a reasonable choice of optimal correctional and developmental work.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Грибань Г.В. Особливості формування усного мовленнєвого висловлювання у дітей з різними формами дислалії. Освіта осіб з особливими потребами: шляхи розбудови, 2021. Вип. 19. С. 22-35.
Keywords: dyslalia; sound speech; phonemic processes; speech activity; articulation
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of speech therapy
Depositing User: н.с. Галина Грибань
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2024 07:44
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2024 07:44
URI: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/739256

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