Formation of subject activity of preschoolers with visual disabilities

- Легкий, О.М. ( and Кондратенко, С.В. ( (2021) Formation of subject activity of preschoolers with visual disabilities Особлива дитина: навчання і виховання, 3 (103). pp. 67-76. ISSN 2312-2781

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The article is focused on the questions of the process of cognition of outside by preschoolers with visual impairment, the helping with their skills in learning and the way of perception of nature phenomena and substantive activities. Particular attention is devoted to the development of cognitive processes of preschool children: tactile perception, visual-logical thinking, subject-practical activities; assistance. Mental development, thinking is an important component of the development of the preschooler’s personality, in particular in his cognitive sphere, subject-practical activity. One of the important directions of the development of cognitive activity of preschoolers is the creation of conditions that make the full mental development of children which is associated with the formation of stable cognitive interests, skills and abilities of mental activity, thinking skills, creative initiative. The purpose of this article is to consider the issue of effective formation of active tactile perception children with visual impairment, knowledge of the properties of the objects around them and the formation of ideas about the environment in the process of educating preschoolers with visual impairment. In the process of forming tactile perception of the objects around them we used a special organization of the educational process, a necessary condition of which was the development of visual and logical thinking of the preschooler, his full interaction with the world of real things and features of perception, development of cognitive abilities of preschoolers with visual impairment. The result of the work on the formation of the subject activity of preschoolers with visual impairment is the formation of their full ideas about the world around them, objects, spatial orientation, the development of thinking and cognitive activity. Thus, the formation of the subject activity of preschoolers with visual impairment is a long process that does not end before school. Along with the formation of methods of tactile examination of objects, there is also a need for the formation of spatial orientation, the development of fine motor skills. All this together leads to the enrichment of the sensory experience of a child with visual impairment, the successful formation of objective actions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: tactile examination of objects, preschoolers with visual impairment.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of education of children with vision disabilities
Depositing User: лаборант О. Васильєва
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2023 09:42
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 09:42


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