The method of accumulating life experience through the prism of the potential of intelligent behavior: scientific basis

- Волощук, Іван Степанович (orcid.org/0000-0001-9300-0584) and Мельник, А.Ю. (orcid.org/0000-0002-7736-7519) (2023) The method of accumulating life experience through the prism of the potential of intelligent behavior: scientific basis Education and Development of Gifted Personality, 1 (88). pp. 5-11. ISSN 2309-3935

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Abstract

Life experience acquired in the process of formal, nonformal and informal education as well as in the process of an individual's participation in various life situations plays a colossal role in his adaptation to the surrounding environment and its change. There is no doubt that the mental construct responsible for the acquisition of an individual's life experience is his intelligence. As a result, historically intelligence has been given a significant place among the components of the human psyche. This is the position today. Scientists try to optimally represent intelligence at the level of its mental components, that is, intellectual abilities that are determined by a set of mental properties that are responsible for the course of mental processes involved in intellectual activity. As a result, there are many attempts to structurally present intelligence, to construct valid and reliable tools for its examination. Such tools are various intelligence tests. Their use provides a number of valuable insights into individual intelligence, ethnic and gender intellectual differences, etc. However, these tests do not provide an answer to the question: why individuals differ intellectually among themselves. To answer the question, it is necessary to focus not on the examination of intelligence as the fact of the presence of certain knowledge and skills, but on the process of accumulating this knowledge and the formation of relevant skills, that is, on the style of intellectual activity. And this requires hard work related to the collection of literally everything (reliable and not reliable) that is known about intelligence and its examination.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: intelligence; structure of intelligence; examination of intelligence; results of examination of intelligence; tests; style of accumulation of life experience; intelligent behavior
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.5 Виховання та освіта обдарованих дітей, вундеркіндів.
Divisions: Institute of the gifted child > Innovative Technologies in Gifted Education Department
Depositing User: н.с. Олена Василівна Онопченко
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2023 16:50
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2023 16:50
URI: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/736617

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