Theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of the system of special education in Ukraine and Poland

- Шевченко, В.М. ( (2022) Theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of the system of special education in Ukraine and Poland Актуальні питання гуманітарних наук: міжвузівський збірник наукових праць молодих вчених Дрогобицького державного педагогічного університету імені Івана Франка, 3 (55). pp. 306-312. ISSN 2308-4863

[img] Text
55-3_2022-306-312.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB)


The article reveals the theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of the special education system in Ukraine and Poland. The author characterized the methodological function of the historical-pedagogical comparative study for the educational modernity of Ukraine, the formation of a complete system of knowledge about the historical-pedagogical processes in the field of special education of the two countries, the role of pedagogical concepts of the past and their connection with the modern reform of the education system. The author notes that ensuring the right and comfortable conditions for the education of children with special needs is a necessary characteristic of a democratic civilized society. The level of support, humanism and tolerance in the treatment of children with special needs, the opportunity to provide them with affordable and quality education are indicators of the degree of development of the society in which they live. Realization of the rights to education of children with disabilities is considered one of the most important tasks of state policy in the field of special education. Therefore, the system of special education in Ukraine is an institution of the state, which arises and develops as a special form of realization of its value orientations and cultural norms of society. As a result, each stage of the development of European national systems of special education corresponds to a certain period in the evolution of the state's attitude towards persons with special needs. At the same time, the pace and depth of transformations do not yet fully meet the needs of the state and society. Obtaining an answer to the question of the present is connected with a thoughtful understanding of the past, an objective assessment of historical realities, the study of the historical roots of pedagogical ideas, facts, theories, concepts, and the experience of teachers of past years. The author notes that without a thorough analysis of the historical and pedagogical process of the development of special education in Ukraine, a holistic understanding of modern ideas of the development of special education is not possible, it is quite difficult to improve the existing assets, methods, systems and methods of teaching, etc. It is emphasized that the performance of historical-pedagogical research requires narrativization, which is built taking into account documentary sources and individual facts, descriptions, scientific generalizations, with the desire to find in the past the origins of the leading scientific ideas of our time.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Рекомендовано до друку Вченою радою Дрогобицького державного педагогічного університету імені Івана Франка (протокол № 11 від 13.10.2022 р.). Збірник індексується в міжнародній базі даних Index Copernicus International. На підставі наказу Міністерства освіти і науки України № 6143 від 28.12.2019 р. (додаток 4) журнал внесений до Переліку наукових фахових видань України (категорія «Б») у галузі педагогічних наук (011 – Освітні, педагогічні науки, 012 – Дошкільна освіта, 013 – Початкова освіта, 014 – Середня освіта (за предметними спеціалізаціями), 015 – Професійна освіта (за спеціалізаціями), 016 – Спеціальна освіта).
Keywords: special education in Ukraine and Poland, historical and pedagogical research, historical and pedagogical process, comparative pedagogy, children with special needs
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of education of children with hearing disabilities
Depositing User: Зав.від. С.В. Литовченко
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 15:28
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 15:28


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item