The phenomenon of a favourite toy in the structure of communicative activities of preschoolers with mental developmental delay

- Омельченко, Ірина Миколаївна ( and Кобильченко, В.В. ( (2022) The phenomenon of a favourite toy in the structure of communicative activities of preschoolers with mental developmental delay Психологія і особистість, 1 (21). pp. 115-130. ISSN 2226-4078

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The phenomenon of a favourite toy in the structure of communicative activities was examined via existential-ontological, axiological, existential-semantic aspects, which corresponded to the inter-subjective paradigm of psychological cognition and people interactions. The theoretical methods: deductive (axiomatic and hypothetical-deductive) methods were used for a systematic description of the examined phenomenon. The empirical methods: a summative experiment using conversations and psychological examining techniques was organised to study the phenomenon of a favourite toy in the structure of MDD’s preschoolers communicative activities. Mathematical and statistical methods: the qualitative and quantitative analysis of empirical data using non-parametric Mann–Whitney U test was applied to determine intergroup differences. As for the reflective component of communicative activities existing in the structure of intra-subjective interaction with a favourite toy, a third of MDD middle-age preschoolers and almost half of MDD senior preschoolers had such personal characteristics that indicated the humanization by them of their favourite toys. A favourite toy for MDD preschoolers was, primarily, an object for play, but a significant part of other examined children called a toy as an object for communication. Analyzing the obtained data, we can talk about the phenomenon of toy embedding into everyday life and into children’s picture of the world; the unity of the inner world, namely a toy’s endowment with the child’s own inner world; about identification processes with an inanimate object, moreover we noted the peculiarities of reflective decentralization (the same interests, hobbies and significant Others, a toy did the same as the child, similar details of the outside world). The study results allowed us to talk about the effect of mirroring a child in his/her favourite toy, which gave the child and opportunity to meet him/herself. Future research will be focused on the development and testing of a technology forming internalized identification and reflective decentralization with the help of a favourite toy as a partner of intra-subjective communication.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: phenomenon, favourite toy, communicative activity, preschoolers with mental developmental delay, interiorized identification, reflective decentralization.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of psychological and pedagogical support of children with special needs
Depositing User: д. психол. Ірина Миколаївна Омельченко
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2022 12:06
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2024 10:47


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