Framework approaches to the creation of a competency-oriented system of tasks for a school textbook

- Гривко, А.В. ( (2021) Framework approaches to the creation of a competency-oriented system of tasks for a school textbook Проблеми сучасного підручника (27). pp. 64-77. ISSN 2411-1309

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In the article, based on the analysis of scientific works on the design of educational activities of students by means of school textbooks, the main framework approaches to the creation of a competency-oriented system of tasks for an educational book are considered. The following approaches are highlighted: problem-oriented (tasks mainly provide for independent search activity and group work of students aimed at solving socially significant problems and problem situations using theoretical and practical components of the subject); integrative (“embedding” tasks for the formation of sustainable development skills in the apparatus of the textbook for assimilating knowledge), metacognitive (tasks are aimed at mastering by students learning strategies in the process of mastering subject content: the ability to assess their educational achievements; to understand the educational task and determine the knowledge and skills required for its solution; to judge which educational strategy is advisable to apply in a specific educational situation, and justify it), taxonomic (involves the selection of multi-level tasks based on the classification of educational goals, which are implemented by the formation of appropriate skills of different complexity as expected learning outcomes), criterion-oriented (the system of tasks of the textbook corresponds to the criteria of the quality of the educational book adopted by a certain educational system). The leading ideas underlying each of the selected approaches are highlighted, and problematic issues of the implementation of their conceptual foundations in school textbooks are analyzed in projection on the goals and needs of basic secondary education in Ukraine in accordance with the modern educational paradigm. In particular, it has been determined that the application of the problem-oriented approach will be productive, provided that the facilitation competence of teachers is formed; taking into account the general target components of the concept of education for sustainable development and the requirements of the State Standard of Basic Secondary Education of Ukraine to compulsory learning outcomes, it is advisable to further study and consider the possibilities of implementing the experience of integrating tasks for the formation of sustainable development skills into modern Ukrainian school textbooks; the implementation of the ideas of the taxonomic approach requires additional research to determine the relevant model for organizing the system of tasks in school textbooks; to ensure the reliability of the system of the textbook tasks in accordance with the criterion-oriented approach, in particular, unambiguous and accurate criteria for assessing its quality are necessary for the educational materials examination.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: textbook; learning outcomes; system of tasks; competency-based approach; taxonomy of educational goals
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.02 General questions of didactics and method
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > Department of Monitoring and Assessment of the Quality of General Secondary Education
Depositing User: ст.наук.сп Антоніна Вікторівна Гривко
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2022 19:07
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2022 19:07


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