Formation of the world picture of preschools and junior schoolchildren by means of painting

- Шелестова, Л.В. (orcid.org/0000-0002-6057-807X) (2021) Formation of the world picture of preschools and junior schoolchildren by means of painting Український педагогічний журнал, 1. pp. 90-99. ISSN 2411-1317

[img] Text
ShLV 2021 УПЖ.pdf - Published Version

Download (556kB)

Abstract

The article substantiates the importance of forming a picture of the world in children of preschool and primary school age. The urgency of the studied problem is due to the objective need to form a picture of the world of the individual as a regulator of his life and a condition for successful existence in today's changing world. The peculiarities of rational and sensory cognition are analyzed, in particular the following: sensory cognition makes it possible to know only the external signs of phenomena, objects, floors; essential properties and connections can be learned through abstract thinking. The basis of rational knowledge of the world by man is scientific knowledge, sensory knowledge is largely provided by various arts. Conclusions are made about the need to harmonize the worldview of preschool and primary school children, because this process, according to scientists, has certain shortcomings: in it, rational cognition dominates over the sensory. The functions of art in the development of personality are clarified, among which: social-transforming, hedonistic, aesthetic, suggestive, educational, compensatory, social, information-communicative, cognitive. The author's approaches to the use of painting as a means of enriching the picture of the world of children of a certain age and harmonizing their worldview are described. The criteria for selecting the content of education (selection of paintings) are described, including: the subject of the paintings, its accessibility for children of preschool and primary school age and the connection with their life experience; reflection in paintings of various aspects of human existence; artistic style of painting; brightness of images of a picture; moral orientation of the content of the picture; number of objects in the picture, etc. Approaches to the organization of knowledge of the world by preschoolers and junior schoolchildren by means of painting are described. It is established that important for the personal development of children of preschool and primary school age, enrichment of their picture of the world are: observation, implementation of mental operations, evaluation, creation of creative products. The essence of the technology of personal development "The world in the paintings of artists" and the corresponding albums of developmental tasks for children of different ages are described.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Шелестова Л. В. Формування картини світу дошкільників та молодших школярів засобами живопису. Український педагогічний журнал. 2021. № 1. С. 90-99.
Keywords: cognition; picture of the world; preschoolers; junior high school students; painting; technology of personal development; developmental tasks.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.02 General questions of didactics and method
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.04 Education in relation to the educand, pupil. Guidance
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.09 Organization of instruction
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 373 Kinds of school providing general education
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 379.8 Leisure
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > Didactics Department
Depositing User: д. пед. н. Liudmyla Shelestova
Date Deposited: 12 May 2021 22:46
Last Modified: 12 May 2021 22:46
URI: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/725031

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item