Education in Austria: historical developmental emphasis

- Марусинець, М.М. ( (2018) Education in Austria: historical developmental emphasis Освітній простір України (14). pp. 30-38. ISSN 2409-9244

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On the basis of special archival-аnalytical materials, the article makes an attempt to reveal the historical aspects of development and provision of education in Austria. The main milestones of its content changes, determined by social, political and ideological transformations occurred at different periods, are described. Prominent political and public figures, reformers in the field of pedagogy, whose ideas served as the basis for the history of education in Austria, are accentuated particularly. The work of the Habsburgs aimed at educational development and transforming Vienna to the centre of the Austrian empire is unveiled, the reign of Maria Theresa and her son Joseph II was the age of proliferation of the Enlightenment ideas, a perfect example of their studies and propaganda in Europe. A separate page in development of education in Austria is the period of the Austro- Hungarian Empire collapse, education management by the Social-Democrats and their reformist innovations. Not only teachers were the most demanded at that period but also psychologists, psychoanalysts. Their reforming ideas led to the historic school reform, to establishment of nursing homes and orphanages for socially unprotected children and adolescents, children with deviant and asocial behaviour. The educational system received special development in the 20th century, where emphasis was laid on qualitative improving of education, cooperation of humanitarian grammar schools with social institutions, study of language courses by choice, improvement of humanitarian grammar school teachers’ skills and their working conditions. Today, Austria’s educational policy includes the following areas: quality education throughout life, implementation of the competency approach, cooperation with local and religious communities, introduction of bilingual education due to the migration processes, advancement of gender equality among immigrant children, creation ofa favourable environment for multicultural development and education for children and young people of various ethnic minorities with different confessional ideological beliefs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: education, educational reforms, development and formation of the Austrian educational environment.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.09 Organization of instruction
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 373 Kinds of school providing general education
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogical Education and Education for the Adults > Department of Foreign Systems of Pedagogical and Adult Education
Depositing User: ст.н.сп. Маріанна Михайлівна Марусинець
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2021 14:18
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2021 14:18


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