Fundamentals of family socialization of the preschooler

- Федорчук, Олена Іванівна ( (2020) Fundamentals of family socialization of the preschooler Актуальні проблеми психології. Збірник наукових праць Інституту психології імені Г.С. Костюка НАПН України. Том 4. Психологія розвитку дошкільника, 16. pp. 222-235.

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The article provides experimental analysis of features and psychological and pedagogical conditions of family socialization of a senior preschooler. The task is to investigate the peculiarity of the development of value orientations of older preschoolers in a family setting and to confirm practically the role of a close adult in the process of socialization of the child. In this research was used target observations, systems of developmental interactive methods, individual conversations, conversations with children, educators and parents. The analysis of the obtained data allowed us to form a generic characteristic of the children of the older group of preschool institution. To get a real picture of the nature and content of the child's internal family relationship with the adult, his or her role functions in family communication we used a homework questionnaire. It was conducted a survey for parents on domestic violence issues and a series of thematic consultations of "Child aggression: causes and consequences". The process of socialization of the older preschooler is uneven, individual and requires careful psychological and pedagogical support. Educational influences of an adult should take place in a collaborative format and contribute to the creation of a child's own world that requires a change in the values of upbringing. Observations show that children transfer experience of co-working with adults in the family circle to the rules of life in the conditions of the children's collective, guided by the significant values of cohabitation, learned at home. Meeting the basic needs of the child in protection and care affect on their social and psychological maturity, forms an appropriate attitude in the child to society. Through indirect support, an adult should develop a preschooler experience of relationships. Focusing on an activity partner motivates the child to form an emotional-personal form of contact and cognitive cooperation. The culture of communication in the family is an indicator of its psychological climate, which is a key factor in shaping a child's ability to live in a social environment. The family is the social environment where a self-sufficient personality is emerging.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: family socialization, parental responsibility, preschool childhood, subjectivity, subject-subject interaction
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Divisions: Institute of Psychology after N.Kostiuk > Department of preschool age psychology
Depositing User: нс Олена Іванівна Федорчук
Date Deposited: 25 May 2020 03:58
Last Modified: 25 May 2020 03:58


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