Competent approach in teaching Ukrainian language to students with intellectual disabilities

- Блеч, Г. О. (orcid.org/0000-0003-4884-6024) (2020) Competent approach in teaching Ukrainian language to students with intellectual disabilities Освіта осіб з особливими потребами: шляхи розбудови (16). pp. 44-59. ISSN 2313-4011

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Abstract

The article stipulates the relevance of the application of the competency approach in the learning process, which is one of the means of implementing the tasks set before teachers by modern society. Knowledge, skills and abilities are replaced by the concept of competence. Thus, each subject has great potential for the development of key competencies of children. The purpose of this article is to consider the issue of competence approach to the formation of the content of language and literature in the education of primary school students with intellectual disabilities and the subject "Ukrainian language", which can ensure the formation and development of key subject competences and life skills as the ability to apply acquired knowledge, skills, abilities in practical life. The introduction of a competency-based approach in schools is one of the important conceptual provisions for updating the content and quality of education. This, in turn, leads to a revision of the content of education for children with intellectual disabilities, filling the conditions for its implementation. The article describes the special and methodological principles of teaching that formed the basis of scientific substantiation of the content of the language and literature industry for teaching students with intellectual disabilities. The conditions of comprehensive provision of all components of the educational process, which ensure the successful implementation of the competency approach in teaching students the Ukrainian language. The content of education of children with intellectual disabilities is based on the idea of their maximum possible social, mental and physical development; correction of their cognitive, emotional and volitional spheres in order to form a type of person who has a positive attitude to social values, other people and to himself and is capable of self-directed behavior, independent activity in the areas available to him. Competence approach to learning ensures the right of each student to individual development, taking into account his cognitive abilities. At the same time it is necessary to focus on the area of short-term development of the student, ie on his potential opportunities, which are currently realized through various types of pedagogical external assistance, and in the future will become the property of independent life of the child.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Друкується за рішенням Вченої ради Інституту спеціальної педагогіки і психології імені Миколи Ярмаченка НАПН України (протокол № 1 від 16 січня 2020 року)
Keywords: children with intellectual disabilities; competence approach; key, subject competences
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.09 Organization of instruction
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of education of children with intellectual disabilities
Depositing User: наук. сп. Інна Всеволодівна Бобренко
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2020 22:28
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2020 22:28
URI: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/719960

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