Polytechnic education in pedagogical institutions of higher education of Ukraine in the period 1933-1958

- Євтух, М.Б. and Терентьєва, Н.О. (2018) Polytechnic education in pedagogical institutions of higher education of Ukraine in the period 1933-1958 Вісник Чернігівського національного педагогічного університету. Серія: Педагогічні науки, 151 (2). pp. 3-9.

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Abstract

s was marked by an underestimation of the value of polytechnic knowledge. Pedagogical thought in this period develops according to clearly defined rules: from the theoretical point of view - an analysis and pedagogical commentary on the works of classics of Marxism-Leninism, in the methodical description of advanced pedagogical experience. The demands of the time put before the educational institutions of higher education the issue of revising the teaching of such disciplines as physics, chemistry, mathematics. Typically, teachers saw only general subjects in them, without paying attention to their polytechnical load, acquaintance with achievements of advanced science and technology, technical workshop, establishment of interdisciplinary connections. After the abolition of the teaching of work as an independent subject in the field of polytechnics was silent, even disappeared from the explanatory notes and programs of the following years the terms "labor polytechnic training", "polytechnic education". There was an identification of the abolition of the teaching of labor with the complete denial of polytechnic education. As the professional and polytechnicаl training of future teachers is a multi-level educational phenomenon that includes an organizational, substantive and practical basis. Its improvement was due to changes in the structure of the curricula, which provided for the provision of comprehensive, vocational, and practical (polytechnical) training for future teachers and educators. Partially future teachers received practical skills while working in workshops and agricultural plots, but this activity was mostly professional. By the beginning of the 50-ies there was very little research on the issues of polytechnic education, only in the mid-50’s there is a return to the issues of polytechnic education at the state level. In order to improve the polytechnical training of teachers of physics, biology, chemistry, and the bases of industrial and agricultural production, all relevant educational institutes have begun to create the appropriate material and technical base.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: polytechnic education, polytechnism, industrialization, training teachers, vocational training
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 374 Education and training out of school. Further education
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 378 Higher education. Universities. Academic study
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 9 Geography. Biography. History > 93/94 History
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > History of Pedagogy Department
Depositing User: академік Микола Борисович Євтух
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 10:50
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 10:50
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/714660

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