Development of the program of correction of development for children with deep visual impairments: the emotional-volitional sphere

- Костенко, Т.М. (orcid.org/0000-0002-4976-1236) (2016) Development of the program of correction of development for children with deep visual impairments: the emotional-volitional sphere Проблеми сучасного підручника (17). pp. 192-197. ISSN 2411-1309

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Abstract

In this article are revealed the main theoretically-methodic aspects of the development program for children with deep disturbance of vision and low vision (emotional and volition sphere). The basis of the program includes the development features of the emotional sphere of children with deep disturbance of vision: difficulties in assimilation and application of sign and symbolical means, which interpret emotional state; difficulties in interaction with social and natural environment and delay in communication; difficulties in formation of integral ideas about situations which are the reason of these or those emotional experiences and define a communication context. There are revealed the reasons of difficulties of perception by children with deep disturbance of vision of the person, its movements, emotions and their expressions. Difficulties in mastering standards of perception of emotions of the person are analyzed. Types of perception of the emotional state of children with deep disturbance of vision are defined: diffusing and local type of perception (it is characterized by surface perception of an emotional state of the interlocutor, only one element of an expression is selected; leaning on it the child tries to define an emotional state); analytical type of perception (it is characterized by the fact that the child with deep disturbance of vision perceives an emotional status thanks to separation of a row of characteristic signs of an expression); synthetic type of perception (it is characterized by the integrity of perception of the emotional state in case of which the elerrjents of an expression are perceived as a set, undifferentiated on elements); analytically-synthetic type of perception (all elements of an expression are selected, integrated at the same time and generalized). Represented the purpose of creation of the program: the formation of abilities of children with low vision to understand both its emotional experiences and other people and as well as use the gained knowledge in communicative, educational, game and other types of activity. The main tasks of the program are defined: development, fixing, stimulation of the muscular device which is responsible for muscular, sign movements; development and enhancement of the general and thin motility which participates in expression of emotional states; training in methods of orientation to itself, from itself, in macro - and micro space; formation of mechanisms of arbitrary reproduction of nonverbal means of expression of emotional states in the intonation, pose, mimicry, gestures; ability formation of reproduction of the main emotions; ability formation to describe the emotional states verbally and to characterize their manifestations on itself, at the interlocutor, at the character of the literary work.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: children with impaired vision; the emotional-volitional sphere; correction development program.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Лабораторія тифлопедагогіки
Depositing User: лаборант О. Васильєва
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2017 17:22
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 17:22
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/708421

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