Development of the educational ideal idea of K. Ushynskiy in E. Vodovozova’s pedagogical heritage (XIX – early XX century)

- Єршова, Людмила Михайлівна (2013) Development of the educational ideal idea of K. Ushynskiy in E. Vodovozova’s pedagogical heritage (XIX – early XX century) Science and Education a New Dimension: Pedagogy and Psychology, 1 (7) (14). pp. 119-123. ISSN 2308-5258

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The results of comparative analysis of E. Vodovozova and K. Ushynskiy views about individual educational ideal and the conditions of its formation, which proves that E. Vodovozova scientific heritage successively continues and develops K. Ushynskiy pedagogical ideas, are offered. Educational ideal acts as a historically and socially conditioned pedagogical phenomenon, the content of which is determined by historical time, economic and ideological structure of the state, features of social and property status of the pupil, his nationality and gender. Building on K. Ushynskiy historical and pedagogical traditions, E. Vodovozova consistently continued research in the sphere of national peculiarities of educational ideal formation, focusing on the history of the ideal man image formation in Russian folk and pedagogical traditions. Author’s historical-educational researches have scientifically impartial characteristics and objective conclusions. Succession in scientists’ view concerning the importance of educational component of pedagogic ideal which generally is considered as an important condition of forming the many-sided harmonic personality is investigated. However according to K. Ushynskiy, the education has been as a motivation to development of man’s congenital aspiration to own perfection, and according to E. Vodovozova – the focus is shifted to necessity of improving whole family by means of appropriate upbringing the descendants. Also definite distinctions in the attitude of both scientists concerning Christian pedagogic ideal were discovered: K. Ushynskiy considered that Christianity in particular has given to all the mankind the real ideal of perfection all the nations bow down to, and E. Vodovozova has not just ignored the role of religion in forming the pedagogic ideal of personality but also has subjected to relentless criticism the existing at that time system of religious upbringing of young people. E. Vodovozova was proving also that Russia has been falling behind time from common European pedagogic tendencies of forming the personality ideal because of the powerful social inertness, which has been the reason of slowing down the advancement of the western pedagogic ideals. It’s been shown, that K. Ushynskiy’s thought concerning the absence of the one common image of the «perfect person» in Е. Vodovozova work «Mental and moral upbringing of children» has found its reflection in delimitation of the following terms such as «moral» and «high-minded» person which helped to ground the importance the formation the canon of referential personalities in society.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: E. Vodovozova, K. Ushynskiy, educational ideal, moral person, ideal person
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education
Divisions: Institute of Vocational Education > Professional life Laboratory
Depositing User: д.пед.наук Людмила Михайлівна Єршова
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2017 21:17
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2017 21:17


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