Endowments: Approaches to Ascertaining the Essence

- Євтух, М.Б. (2017) Endowments: Approaches to Ascertaining the Essence Рedagogical almanac (36). pp. 10-19.

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Abstract

The article presents different approaches to finding out the essence of giftedness by foreign scholars, in particular J. Renzulli, R. Sternberg, H. Gardner, S. Meyer, W. Hofman, J. Fleck, B. Shor, and others. The brief historical review of the evolution of the essence of giftedness is presented; types of giftedness and manifestations of gifted behavior are outlined. Attention is drawn to the fact that giftedness has a wide variety of definitions that reflect closely related processes used to identify it, to select gifted children, and to make decisions about program goals and procedures for their education, upbringing and development. Potentially, everyone possesses giftedness, but it is possible to manifest it only under certain conditions. The long-standing study of academic and professional achievements of intellectually gifted individuals has encompassed four phases: identification, organized in the last grade of the elementary school; the first phase of the examination during studying in secondary school; the second phase of the examination while studying in high school; the third phase of the examination during the first years of work. The differences between gifted and potentially gifted personality, types of giftedness according to the triarchic theory of intelligence are presented. The intellectual, creative, scientific, mathematical, entrepreneurial, organizational, emotional giftedness, its manifestations, depending on historical and cultural features are emphasized.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: giftedness, emotional giftedness, scientific giftedness, theory of intelligence, manifestations of giftedness
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 374 Education and training out of school. Further education
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.5 Виховання та освіта обдарованих дітей, вундеркіндів.
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > The Laboratory of History of Pedagogy
Depositing User: академік Микола Борисович Євтух
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 15:44
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 15:47
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/714704

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