Social and political participation of Ukrainian citizens: how to overcome the challenge of subjectless?

- Суший, О.В. (orcid.org/0000-0002-4364-7571) (2016) Social and political participation of Ukrainian citizens: how to overcome the challenge of subjectless? Наукові студії із соціальної та політичної психології, 37 (40). pp. 39-62.

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Abstract

The tendencies and dynamics of changes of social and political participation among Ukrainian citizens in conditions of domestic political instability and external threats to the territorial integrity of Ukraine have been analyzed. Based on the analysis results of a nationwide representative surveys ISPP NAES of Ukraine, the scale (typology) of social and political involvement has been reconstructed. These scales reflect an appropriate "cut" models of citizens' participation in public and political life, that are prevalent in the Ukrainian society. The range of its values encompasses of types of political orientations (political and psychological attitudes) of citizens (activists, situational activists, political nihilists, absentees) and fixes the "the empirical weight" of each groups. During the analysis has been established that citizens were informed of other ways, more or less competentive, in different ways to review the situation and determine the degree of their responsibility for the decisions regarding both national and local problems. Civil activity of Ukrainian citizens is a situational, but civil initiative is a manifestation of the loсal and spontaneous collective self-organization of citizens. Ukrainians still do not have enough comprehension of whether their civil activity has to be not only a response to the complex challenges, but also a constant practice; that pledge of success and sustainability activist practices – in strong and ramified horizontal relations between citizens and in the formation of voluntary associations; that strengthening the activist component and its stabilization assumes a certain level of institutionalization and "routinization" of civil activity. The trends indicate strengthening of subjective potential of citizens, increase their self-confidence, their readiness to assume responsibility for the country. These trends show the internal processes of formation of group solidarity and increased self-activity of the population in new Ukrainian realities that can eventually turn into a powerful social movement. It is alleged that the political culture of contemporary Ukraine is in the process of becoming and had not yet received stable shape; the Ukrainian society as a whole has a considerable reserve for the growth of civil sector; civil society is potentially active and wants to change Ukraine.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: political participation, civil society, civic consciousness, social and political practices, political culture.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 314/316 Society
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 316 Соціологія
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 32 Politics
Divisions: The Institute of Social and Political Psychology > Laboratory for Monitoring of Public Affairs Processes
Depositing User: завідувач О.В. Суший
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 11:18
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 17:05
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/706174

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