World integration of higher education: Challenges for Ukrainian universities

- Климчук, І.О. (2015) World integration of higher education: Challenges for Ukrainian universities The 4th Multidisciplinary Academic Conference in Prague 2015». pp. 17-22.

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Abstract

During the recent decade the world economies have been passing an unprecedented pace of globalization and integration. It displayed itself through internationalization of business activities, cross-border integration of capital and labor markets, international transfer of technologies and knowledge. One more indivisible component of such global and integrating processes is world integration in field of higher education, which in combination with transfer of technologies and knowledge is called upon to shift the world society from information-based structure to knowledge-based one. Introduction of single study curriculums, acceptance of common system of credit transfer and accumulation, implementation of standardized evaluation methods – all of these are core attributes of integration of universities from individual countries into world system of higher education. In this context integration of universities from emerging market economies into world system of higher education requires special attention. Higher education in countries of emerging markets due to relatively poor quality of local legal and regulatory institutions but high growth rates of such economies introduces a set of challenges and opportunities for its counterpart in mature economies. In particular, on the one hand, there is growing demand on the side of prospective applicants from countries with emerging economies for bachelor and master degrees granted by universities from countries with mature economies, which implies substantial requirements for quality of prior education received by such applicants in their home universities, and, on the other hand, there is a growing supply of research opportunities in all fields of study offered by national governments and universities from countries with emerging economies for prospective scholars from universities in countries with mature economies. Higher education in emerging economy of Ukraine is not an exception. Despite being a recent member of Bologna process and prospective candidate for association with EU, Ukraine has a system of higher education which suffers traditional drawbacks of emerging markets economies, like absence of unity and coherence of existing study curriculums, partial acceptance of common system of credit transfer and accumulation, adherence to individual evaluation methods. However these drawbacks are fully compensated by profound, industry-oriented preparation of highly qualified specialists in technical fields of science by Ukrainian universities for relatively low costs. In light of stated above, the paper aims to evaluate the degree of integration of universities operating in Ukraine into world system of higher education and derive policy implications for its further enhancement. For this purpose a unique dataset of 200 public and private universities operating in Ukraine will be compiled and key indicators will be estimated and compared with corresponding averages for EU and other emerging market economies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: integration, higher education, emerging economies, Ukrainian universities
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 303 Methods of the social sciences
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 378 Higher education. Universities. Academic study
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > Rural School Department
Depositing User: Лабораторія сільської школи Ю.С. Мельник
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 11:45
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 11:45
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/10979

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