To 200th anniversary of Greek revolution of 1821: Sophronios Kalligas about Othoman occupation of Athos in 1821–1830

- Чернухін, Євгеній Костянтинович ( (2021) To 200th anniversary of Greek revolution of 1821: Sophronios Kalligas about Othoman occupation of Athos in 1821–1830 Рукописна та книжкова спадщина України : археографічні дослідження унікальних арівних та бібліотечних фондів (27). pp. 270-284. ISSN 2222-4203

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The article includes investigation, publication and translation of the text about the events in Macedonia during the Greek revolution of 1821, as they are described by the St. Paul monastery abbot Sophronios Kalligas in the manuscript from the depositories of the Institute of Manuscript in the V. I. Vernadskyi National Library of Ukraine. A complex of scientific methods was used, when dealing with historical documents, and a number of special archaeographic, codicological and palaeographic methods as well. For the first time the original Greek text of the manuscript, its translation in Ukrainian, historical comments and a number of illustrations are presented. The manuscript of Sophronios Kalligas was granted to Russian historian Andrey Muraviov in 1849 during his visit to Athos. The major part of the manu- script is devoted to the description of Athos monasteries and hermitages, and thus it may be considered to be the precursor of the Sophronios Kalligas› work“Athonias, or the short history of the Saint Mount Athos”, published in 1863. Although the main stream differs greatly, as far as the structure and the style are concerned. There are several additional texts, one of them concludes the description of the events that took place in Macedonia in the late 1821 and resulted in demolition of the Greek population of the Kassandra peninsula and the later occupation of Athos by the Othoman troops lead by Mehmed Emin Pasha (Ebu Lubut Pasha). The description of battles and invasion of the Othomans to Athos could not be included to published version of “Athonias” for a number of political and censorship reasons. On the contrary, in the Kyiv version of the manuscript Sophronios Kalligas, based on the Athos traditions, truly expresses his own view on the events of the 1821, gives some characteristic features of Ebu Lubut Pasha, explains the reasons for a long presence of Othomans on the Saint Mount, describes their attitude towards the monks and Greek population.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Sophronios Kalligas, Athos, Kassandra, Andrey Muraviov, Greek revolution of 1821, Greek manuscripts.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 9 Geography. Biography. History > 93/94 History
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > Department of Teaching National Minority Languages and Foreign Literature
Depositing User: п.н.с. Євген Костянтинович Чернухін
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 13:57
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2022 20:38


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