Emotional burning out of parents of children with special educational needs: realities and ways to overcome

- Сухіна, І.В. (orcid.org/0000-0001-7838-1948) (2020) Emotional burning out of parents of children with special educational needs: realities and ways to overcome Освіта осіб з особливими потребами: шляхи розбудови (17). pp. 221-235. ISSN 2708-0919

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Abstract

This article states that the challenges of a pandemic are a kind of additional stressor that causes a person to develop certain protective reactions. Living in a potentially life-threatening situation of indefinite duration has a particular effect on families raising children with special educational needs, who have a number of somatic and psychological difficulties due to circumstances. In addition, such families have difficulty with the effective functioning of the family system as a rehabilitation structure for their own child. Therefore, it is necessary to study the level of emotional burnout in parents of children with special educational needs in conditions of self-isolation and quarantine measures. In order to determine the level of emotional burnout in parents of this category, we used a diagnostic questionnaire of Mr. V. Boyko. Our study revealed that the level of emotional burnout in parents raising children with special educational needs is mostly high. We also considered the factors that provoke the development of emotional burnout in quarantine and individual personality traits of parents. We also paid attention to individual and personal characteristics of parents of children with special educational needs. Precisely, we considered: 1) properties of temperament: neuroticism, emotional reactivity, anxiety, introversion, tolerance to the situation of uncertainty; 2) personal characteristics: locus of control, self-efficacy, self-esteem and self-respect, the level of formation of the individual system of conscious self-regulation of emotions and behavior, the type of overcoming stressful situations, the presence of interests. In order to improve the situation, we have developed guidelines for harmonizing the psychophysical condition of parents of children with special educational needs, the use of which will positively affect the microclimate in the family, reduce the emotional background to restore psychological resources of family members. Methodical recommendations for parents of children of this category included three levels of regulation of the psychophysical state: 1) physiological, 2) emotional-volitional, 3) value-semantic. An important role was given to the development of emotional intelligence in parents of this category through the use of special training exercises. Further developed recommendations can be included in the program of psychological support of families raising children with special educational needs. We also see an in-depth study of the manifestations of emotional burnout in parents of children in this category to prevent this syndrome.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Друкується за рішенням Вченої ради Інституту спеціальної педагогіки і психології імені Миколи Ярмаченка НАПН України (протокол № 9 від 30 листопада 2020 року)
Keywords: parents of children with special educational needs, quarantine, emotional burnout, burnout stages, regulation of psychophysical condition
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.09 Organization of instruction
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 376 Education, teaching, training of special groups of persons. Special schools > 376.3 Виховання та освіта осіб із вадами зору, слуху, мови та нервовими захворюваннями.
Divisions: Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of special education and psychology of National academy of educational sciences of Ukraine > Department of education of children with intellectual disabilities
Depositing User: наук. сп. Інна Всеволодівна Бобренко
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2021 23:11
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2021 23:11
URI: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/724406

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