Principles of selection of exercise systems to the lyceum geometry textbook

- Вашуленко, О.П. (orcid.org/0000-0002-4972-6246) and Сердюк, Е.Г. (2019) Principles of selection of exercise systems to the lyceum geometry textbook Проблеми сучасного підручника (23). pp. 47-55. ISSN 2411-7447

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Abstract

The task of updating the school geometry course based on the achieved school level of geometric education is to make it modern, interesting, taking into account the needs and abil-ities of each student. Because of this, the textbook on geometry is very important. The system of tasks in the textbook is the main means of mastering the subject as well as the formation of key competences in students. The problem of choosing a task system in a geometry textbook is multifaceted. For its construction it is necessary to take into account psychological, didac-tic, methodical and substantive aspects. Requirements for the system of tasks in the geometry textbook for lyceum are based on didactic principles, goals and requirements for learning out-comes, peculiarities of educational cognitive activity of students of the relevant age category. The principles of choosing a system of tasks in the geometry textbook for lyceum are formu-lated in the article, taking into account the requirements of a competence-based approach and individualization of learning. Competence-based approach involves shifting the empha-sis from the accumulation of normative knowledge and skills to develop the ability to act, to apply experience in problem situations. The principle of competence-based teaching in the construction of a system of geometric exercises is realized through the requirements of the involvement of problems of applied content (practical tasks) and providing steps for applying mathematical knowledge to solving practical problems. The realization of the principle of in-dividualization of learning requires reformulation of the goals of learning, provided that the task of personal development through the individualization of learning comes to the fore and changes the teaching methods that should contribute to the identification and formation of students’ competences, depending on their personal preferences and interests. It is advisable to offer students complete geometric tasks and evaluate their activities as they move forward and approach a complete solution, observing the progress of each of them. Leading didactic in teaching geometry in lyceum is the project method.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: task system; competence-based approach to learning; individualization of learning.
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 37.01/.09 Special auxiliary table for theory, principles, methods and organization of education > 37.02 General questions of didactics and method
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 3 Social Sciences > 37 Education > 373 Kinds of school providing general education
Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 5 Мathematics. natural sciences
Divisions: Institute of Pedagogics > Mathematical and Informatical Education Department
Depositing User: с.н.с. Ольга Петрівна Вашуленко
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2021 12:28
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2021 12:28
URI: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/723573

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