Features of preschool children mental activity in situations of information uncertainty

- Гулько, Ю. А. (2019) Features of preschool children mental activity in situations of information uncertainty Актуальні проблеми психології, 25 (12). pp. 84-93. ISSN 2072-4772

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The article describes the features of mental response of children of the fourth year of life to new information. There are four levels of mental activity. The first level is primitive subject-oriented actions with the transfer to a new situation of imitative subject-practical actions, as analogues to what is known to a child. The second level is characterized by the emergence of experimental actions due to which the child can create new semantic orientations and not only understand the new subject but also further build their activities with it. In the memory of the child, not the subject analogues, but the figurative ones are actualized. This provides the basis for the fact that a child’s activity acquires the features of play (imaginary) activity. The third level - a child performs separately both play and experimental actions with the object, thanks to which it creates more and more new subjective semantic orientations, according to which it gives a more complex meaning to the new object. These guidelines for a child exist separately, not related to each other. For the fourth level, the characteristic is the complicated flow of experimental actions into games within the framework of a single mental task that the child has set for himself. Due to this, the activity and the result of this activity in the form of semantic structures become more complicated. The semantic reference points distinguished by a child’s, are partially interconnected.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: orientation activity, experimentation, game activity, analogization as imitation, semantic reference points
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Divisions: Institute of Psychology after N.Kostiuk > Department of psychology of creativit
Depositing User: с.н.с. Марія Володимирівна Шепельова
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 16:37
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2019 16:37
URI: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/718224


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