The Process of Synthesis in Psychology (Discovery in scientific work of L. Vygotsky)

- Панок, Віталій Григорович ( (2019) The Process of Synthesis in Psychology (Discovery in scientific work of L. Vygotsky) Вісник ХНПУ імені Г.С. Сковороди "Психологія" (60). pp. 25-54. ISSN 2312-1599

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The Aim of the article: the statement of the problem of synthesis in modern scientific and applied psychology and the definition of ways of its application in theory and in practice. Results: By the analysis of L. Vygotsky’ work, it is proved that synthesis is one of the key foundations on which his theory is based. The key question which the researcher left to future psychologists is where the synthesis takes place: in the real mental life of a person or it’s just a theoretical construct. The application of the methodology of synthesis of knowledge (G. Shchedrovytsky) to the theoretical generalization in psychology made it possible to develop the ideas of L. Vygotsky regarding the understanding of the essence of the synthesis problem. In particular: synthesis is a real psychological mechanism which ensures the functioning of the psyche and development of personality (individuality); synthesis is a central methodological foundation in applied psychology without which the latter loses its’ meaning; synthesis is a key methodological principle of professional training of practical psychologist. Conclusions: According to L.S. Vygotsky, synthesis is a methodological "key" that can solve the crisis problem in psychology. The concept of synthesis is used in science as a real process; as processes ensuring the creation of qualitatively new products; as a component of the philosophical methodology of cognition. Processes of synthesis - these are the real processes that occur in the mental reality of man as a level of elementary mental processes and functions, and at the level of personality, individuality. Synthesis, a synthetic approach to the realization of the facts of human mental life is the main methodological principle of applied psychology. The basis of professional training of a practical psychologist (psychologist-practitioner) is the formation of his synthetic abilities, the ability to synthesize various theoretical representations and diverse facts and the results of clinical diagnosis into a coherent picture of being and development of human personality.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: L. Vygotsky’ theory, synthesis, methodology, personality, mental processes, applied psychology, means of a synthesis
Subjects: Science and knowledge. Organization. Computer science. Information. Documentation. Librarianship. Institutions. Publications > 1 Philosophy. Psychology
Divisions: Ukrainian Scientific and Methodological Center of Applied Psychology and Social Work > Laboratory of Applied Psychology of Education
Depositing User: лаборант Арина Андріївна Мельник
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 10:58
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 10:58


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